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Can hedges be interesting? - March 1, 2012 by timemanagementmum

The American Resident

Essex hedge

Views through our hedge to more hedges on the landscape. Yes, that's chickenwire in the foreground, put there temporarily to keep the chickens out of my way while I clear the brambles.

Well yes. In the third post of my Week of the Garden on The American Resident I shall tell you some ways in which hedges are interesting. Hold on to your hats!

1. Romans were the first to use hedges in England as field boundaries, with Hawthorn as the predominant shrub/tree used–like an early barbed wire.

2. Hedges seem to be mostly a British thing: beyond Britain, older hedged landscapes are found only in some areas of France, northern Italy and the Austrian Alps, parts of Greece and the Republic of Ireland.

3. Although many of the hedges that remain today can trace their origins back to Anglo Saxon times, the oldest known existing hedge is called “Judith’s Hedge”, in Cambridgeshire. It is estimated to be over 900 years old.

Who was Judith? I have no idea. If you know, please share.

4. The most common hedgerow shrub is Hawthorn (probably because of the thorns). Hawthorn tincture apparently helps strengthen the heart and lower blood pressure. Hawthorn also has magical properties. No, I can’t remember all the magical properties of Hawthorn but Google will happily inform you.

5. As a general rule of thumb, “Hooper’s Law” suggests you can count the number of species of tree or shrub in a 100 ft stretch of hedge. This number (best if averaged over three or more sample stretches) multiplied by 100 gives a rough estimate of the age of the hedge. I found this explanation in the wonderfully niche blog Hedge Britannia.

Regular readers will know my love of history in the English landscape so yes, I pounced on this fact like the hedge anorak I freely confess to being.

6. Probably the one of the oldest and most rare trees found in hedges (and thus dating the hedges containing these trees as ancient) are the Wild Service Trees. At one time these were more common and the little fruits were so sweet they were sold in bunches at markets. The fruit were called Chequers, but it is uncertain whether the abundance of pubs with the name ‘The Chequers’ were named after the fruit or if the fruit were named after the pubs.

7. The visible hedges on either side of our garden are roughly 30-40 years old, once kept short but now we let them grow to full height. I say ‘visible’ because I keep finding quite large stumps rotting under the brambles that date it well beyond that age. Probably many years ago there was a hedge, it was cut down, then years later planted again, or new growth returned from the cutback stumps and the second hedge allowed to grow to a short height until we came along and encouraged wild abandon. To an extent.

8. Our hedge is filled with oaks, field acer, birch, aspen, holly, rowan, elder, hawthorn, a maple or two, wild roses, wild plums and lots and lots of brambles. The brambles are an Issue for many reasons but one is because they can clear a hedge of other plants as you can see in my photo above–the big gaps were only filled with brambles and dead shrubs a few weeks ago.

9. I live in a former pub. There’s been a pub here since at least 1704 (the earliest map I have found so far), and so my garden is full of history from the pub–including burned wood and bricks from a bonfire a previous owner had after the original pub burned down. The hedge also holds a lot of detritus from over the years. Old bottles, discarded metal things bent and rusted beyond recognition, huge nails, the remains of some collapsed fencing in the road side hedge, generations of rubbish dropped, thrown or hidden there by people who have used the old road. The hedge traps it all. The chickens uncover a lot of it, I uncover some in my hedge maintenance and most will probably never be uncovered.

10. We had a badger start digging in the hedge once. We love wildlife but didn’t want a badger living in our garden so we kept filling in the hole. It moved eventually.

We also have a hedgehog house nestled in the hedge, but sadly no hedgehogs live in it. We do see a lot of wrens, blue tits, a few long tailed tits, other songbirds, which I now forget, some pigeons, a kestrel and an owl in the hedge.

11. A wild hedge that borders a garden needs a lot of work to keep it looking wild without letting it run wild. We had other priorities a few years ago and stopped caring for the hedge as we should and over about three years it grew branches and a few saplings into our garden by almost three metres. Now we keep it trimmed back but we also try to keep the deadwood pulled out (so it doesn’t fall out on someone), and try to keep the brambles to a minimum. Brambles are great for fruit but there are plenty of blackberry brambles in our corner of Essex so I’m not worried about getting rid of the weedy, scrappy looking stuff that invades everywhere too quickly.

Anyway, the very bottom stretch of our wild hedges, down where we have a wildflower meadow, is allowed to live a bit more freely and there are plenty of brambles there, kept for the wildlife.

12. The chickens love scratching at the base of the hedge in the fallen leaves. So all the pretty bulbs (snowdrops, fritillaries, daffodils, bluebells, cyclamen) I had panted there are now scattered and dried out. That’s a bit dramatic. Not all. In the harder soil they’re still growing and if they started growing before the hens started scratching the hens leave them alone.

Each time I complain about it (which is frequently) my husband reminds me how much I love the chickens. It doesn’t really help me to stop feeling irritated though.

13. The hedge is a big job but a huge feature of our garden. We love providing homes for the wildlife, and we also maintain a small meadow at the end of the garden and have restored a wildlife pond in the middle. I also love that the hedge is a feature of the British countryside and I love our role in maintaining a special part of the landscape.

So you can see hedges are fascinating but if you would like to know more about them I found quite an interesting site for the hedge enthusiast during my research called Hedge Britannia.

Anyone else have a love of hedges? Or have I woken you to a new appreciation of the iconic feature of the British landscape?



The American Resident

How to Be Interesting - January 18, 2011 by timemanagementmum

Sketch of a Plant by Leonardo.

Drawing by Leonard da Vinci, via Wikimedia Commons

Nobody wants to be boring.

It’s not exactly the done thing to say “I want to be interesting”, but the enthusiastic response to Russell Davies’ article How to Be Interesting suggests that it’s something we aspire to. And with good reason. Over three years before Seth Godin told us in Linchpin that being remarkable (and therefore indispensable) is the key to a successful career, Russell said essentially the same thing:

the core skill of any future creative business person will be ‘being interesting’. People will employ and want to work with (and want to be with) interesting people.

If you work in the creative industries, this is pretty much a no-brainer, but now that we’re living in the age of the creative economy, when more and more businesses are being urged to think like media companies, it starts to look like a recipe for survival and success in any industry.

So how can we do it? Russell offers some great tips, but I want to draw your attention to the two basic principles that they follow from:

The way to be interesting is to be interested. You’ve got to find what’s interesting in everything, you’ve got to be good at noticing things, you’ve got to be good at listening. If you find people (and things) interesting, they’ll find you interesting.

Interesting people are good at sharing
. You can’t be interested in someone who won’t tell you anything. Being good at sharing is not the same as talking and talking and talking. It means you share your ideas, you let people play with them and you’re good at talking about them without having to talk about yourself.

Jonathan Morrow offers more good advice in his own piece titled How to Be Interesting, where he lists 21 techniques writers can use to be more interesting to their audiences. And of course his advice applies to all of us, not just writers. Here’s one of my favourites:

11. Unleash your inner dork: Many blog posts are like miniature textbooks; they’re instructive, well-organized, and put you to sleep with their lack of enthusiasm. If you want to become famous on the web, stop trying to sound like an all-knowing teacher and unleash the “inner dork” inside of you — the part of you that’s so enamored with your topic that everyone else thinks it’s funny… but they pay attention anyway. More on dorkyness here.

Russell and Jon are both very interesting fellows, doing interesting stuff. They’re very different characters, working in different fields, for different audiences. But they share two principles, that are critical to what makes them interesting (and therefore successful):

1. Follow Your Interests

I agree with Russell that “the way to be interesting is to be interested” but I’m going to qualify his advice slightly. I don’t think most of us can “find what’s interesting in everything”. Russell is a confirmed creative generalist, so he probably can, but I think most of us have a more limited range of interests. Which is no bad thing. In fact, I think it’s the key to a lot of happiness and fulfilment in life, let alone simply ‘being interesting’.

Rather than try to find what’s interesting in everything, I suggest we pay attention to the things we genuinely find interesting — no matter how obscure, silly, embarrassing or irrelevant they might appear.

Because when you feel curiosity, interest and fascination, you bring your whole self to whatever you’re doing, you give it your full attention, and you have all the energy and persistence you’ll need to do something amazing.

“It’s a reactive thing, like a Geiger counter; you click whenever you come close to whatever you were built to do.”

Stephen King

I’m not exactly a paragon of interestingness, but I have noticed people are frequently intrigued and occasionally bemused by my own range of interests. I’ve had my share of funny looks on mentioning poetry in a corporate setting. Conversely, some of my fellow poets have been shocked to discover my interest in business. Audiences sit up a little straighter when I mention that I’m a trained hypnotist. A friend once told me she didn’t understand how I could “write such sensitive poems AND be obsessed with football”. The other psychotherapists in my peer vision group think my interest in ‘internet stuff’ is a bit odd. And so on.

It all seems perfectly normal to me. I don’t see why being interested in one thing should mean I’m not interested in another. And apart from the intrinsic interest of each topic or activity, it makes for a pretty creative mix, when you start to find connections between them. Frans Johansson calls this The Medici Effect:

When you step into an intersection of fields, disciplines, or cultures, you can combine existing concepts into a large number of extraordinary new ideas.

To take a genuinely interesting example, Leonardo da Vinci is often revered as a universal genius, equally at home in the arts, sciences and engineering. (He was also a dab hand at organising parties and making mechanical toys, but those accomplishments tend to get glossed over.) But as Donald Sassoon points out in his book Mona Lisa, such a wide range of interests was fairly typical of his era:

In his time … the conventional separation between disciplines had not yet developed. Universalism was an attribute common to all gifted men of the Renaissance, not a unique trait of Leonardo’s…

Leonardo moved easily from science to art and back again. Only in a culture in which there were no rigid boundaries between the two could this take place…

He was in good company. Machiavelli not only wrote his famous treatise on politics (The Prince), but also a history and a play (La Mandragora) still frequently performed. Albrecht Durer studied mathematics and geometry, wrote treatises on measurement in 1525 and on military engineering in 1527, and was a supreme master of woodcut and copper engraving as well as a major painter. Nicola Angelo, unlike Leonardo, managed to excel in four distinct fields: architecture, painting, sculpture and poetry.

These days, we’re in a culture where “the conventional separation between disciplines” is breaking up, or at least becoming more permeable. As Russell says, “The marvelous thing about tinterweb is that it’s got great tools for being interested and great tools for sharing”.

There are plenty of people holding up their hands in horror at the lack of single-minded focus among the ‘butterfly minds’ of today’s Internet generation, but perhaps this is not a hideous modern aberration so much as a return to the world of Leonardo, where it was considered normal, even admirable, to flit from one thing to another. Leonardo’s notebooks are full of half-baked projects, and flying machines that quite literally never got off the ground, but nobody seems to complain too much.

Whatever interests, enthusiasms or idle curiosities drift through your mind, you have the tools to follow them up, learn more about them and connect with people who share them. I suggest you take full advantage.

2. Commit

The word ‘interest’ has its roots in the Latin verb ‘interesse’, meaning ‘matter, make a difference’. And another of its meanings, apart from ‘fascination’, is ‘ to have an interest in’ something, i.e. a stake or investment in it.

Real interest is not passive. Dilettantes are boring because they have many ‘interests’ but don’t do anything with them. Critics are boring because they sit on the sidelines, carping and moaning. Or as Teddy Roosevelt put it in more elevated language:

It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or whether the doer of deeds could have done better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, and comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and short coming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be without those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor defeat.

I came across this passage in a book by my friend Raj Setty, who follows it up with a friendly challenge:

Who do people want to follow: someone who was on the field playing or someone sitting on the ringside seat commenting on how to play?


Upbeat, by Rajesh Setty

These days, we have more than opportunities than ever to play, to get going without waiting or asking for permission. Write a book and publish it yourself. Start a business. Learn an instrument. Run a marathon or climb Everest. Go on a mission to see the entire world. Start a movement.

The internet gives you the tools, the information and the connections you need. If you can’t do it all yourself, there are plenty of places where you can find like-minded people with complementary skills.

Things only get really interesting when you commit to doing something. When you have skin in the game. When you take a risk, do your best to succeed, accept that things will probably go wrong — and do it anyway.

What Interests You?

What are your interests?

What have you learned or gained from pursuing an interest that seemed silly or irrelevant at the time?

What interest are you going to follow up next?

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